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<table border=1 cellpadding=10>
 
<table border=1 cellpadding=10>
 
  <tr>
 
  <tr>
   <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Product'''</td>
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   <td>'''Product'''</td>
   <td bgcolor="#f8f8f8">[http://www.parallels.com/en/products/desktop/ Parallels Desktop]</td>
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   <td>'''License'''</td>
   <td bgcolor="#f8f8f8">[http://www.vmware.com/products/beta/fusion/ VMware Fusion]</td>
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   <td>'''Price'''</td>
   <td bgcolor="#f8f8f8">[http://www.kju-app.org/kju/ Q]</td>
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   <td>'''Latest Stable'''</td>
   <td bgcolor="#f8f8f8">[http://www.virtualbox.org/ Oracle VirtualBox]</td>
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  <td>'''Latest Development'''</td>
 +
   <td>'''Guest Tools'''</td>
 +
  <td>'''Unique Features'''</td>
 
  </tr>
 
  </tr>
 
  <tr>
 
  <tr>
   <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''License'''</td>
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   <td>[http://www.parallels.com/en/products/desktop/ Parallels Desktop]</td>
 
   <td>Commercial</td>
 
   <td>Commercial</td>
 +
  <td>$80</td>
 +
  <td>2.5 (3186)</td>
 +
  <td>None</td>
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  <td>Windows only</td>
 +
  <td>Coherence<br>Boot Camp integration</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
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  <td>[http://www.vmware.com/products/beta/fusion/ VMware Fusion] (beta)</td>
 
   <td>Commercial</td>
 
   <td>Commercial</td>
   <td>Open source</td>
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   <td>unknown</td>
   <td>Open source (GPL v2)<br>(some proprietary code)</td>
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   <td>N/A</td>
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  <td>1.0b2 (41385)</td>
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  <td>Windows, Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD, Novell</td>
 +
  <td>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xF_CoXsXtk4 3D acceleration] <br>Single Snapshot <br>64-bit guests <br>Multiprocessor guests <br>Battery information in the guest <br>Maybe other unannounced stuff?</td>
 
  </tr>
 
  </tr>
 
  <tr>
 
  <tr>
   <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Price'''</td>
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   <td>[http://www.apple.com/downloads/macosx/unix_open_source/q%5Bkju%5D.html Q]<br>([http://www.kju-app.org/kju/ Developer site])</td>
  <td>$79.99</td>
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   <td>Open source</td>
   <td>$79.99 ($39.99 preorder)</td>
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   <td>free</td>
 
   <td>free</td>
  <td>free</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
  <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Latest Stable'''</td>
 
  <td>2.5 (3214) / 3.0 (4128)</td>
 
  <td>N/A</td>
 
 
   <td>0.8.1a35</td>
 
   <td>0.8.1a35</td>
   <td>3.2.0</td>
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   <td>0.8.2d52</td>
</tr>
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   <td>none (?)</td>
<tr>
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  <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Latest Development'''</td>
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  <td>N/A</td>
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  <td>1.0 RC (50460)</td>
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  <td>0.9.0d89</td>
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  <td>3.2.0 BETA2</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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  <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Maximum RAM per guest'''</td>
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  <td>[http://forums.parallels.com/showthread.php?s=655044917388c632870f58ee02aa00f0&t=9324 1.5 GB]</td>
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  <td>[http://www.vmware.com/community/thread.jspa?messageID=624306 8 GB]</td>
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  <td>?</td>
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  <td>4 GB</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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  <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Guest Tools'''</td>
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  <td>Windows <br>Linux <br>Solaris</td>
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  <td>Windows <br>Linux <br>Solaris <br>FreeBSD <br>Novell</td>
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  <td>None</td>
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  <td>Windows <br>Linux<br>Solaris<br>OS/2<br></td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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  <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Supports Boot Camp Installation of Guest OS'''</td>
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  <td>Yes</td>
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  <td>Yes</td>
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  <td>No (?)</td>
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  <td>No (?)</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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  <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Snapshot'''</td>
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  <td>Multiple <br>(any time)</td>
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  <td>Single <br>(any time)</td>
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  <td>None (?)</td>
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  <td>Multiple, linear <br>(only when powered down or suspended)</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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  <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Rootless Guest'''</td>
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  <td>Coherence*</td>
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  <td>Unity</td>
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  <td>None (?)</td>
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  <td>Seamless Mode **</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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  <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''3D Acceleration'''</td>
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  <td>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JqTkouiT3lw OpenGL (1.?)], DirectX (via WINE)</td>
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   <td>[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xF_CoXsXtk4 DirectX 8.1]</td>
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  <td>None (?)</td>
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  <td>Supported</td>
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</tr>
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<tr>
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  <td bgcolor="#f0f0f0">'''Unique Features'''</td>
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  <td>SmartSelect</td>
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  <td>64-bit guests <br>Multiprocessor guests <br>Battery information in the guest <br>Built-in VNC server <br>[http://www.vmware.com/interfaces/paravirtualization.html Paravirtualization extensions (VMI)]</td>
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   <td>?</td>
 
   <td>?</td>
  <td>Built-in RDP server<br>USB over RDP<br>64-bit guests <br>Multiprocessor guests <br>Paravirtualized 3D/2D accelerated video, mouse, and networking</td>
 
 
  </tr>
 
  </tr>
 
</table>
 
</table>
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Guest tools improve performance of the virtualized system and can allow useful things like drag-and-drop or shared folders between guest and host.
 
Guest tools improve performance of the virtualized system and can allow useful things like drag-and-drop or shared folders between guest and host.
  
"Latest Stable/Development" is as of July 5, 2007.
+
"Latest Stable/Development" is as of March 2, 2007.
 
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<nowiki>*</nowiki>: Unlike Unity, windows in Coherence do not individually work with Expose and cannot be independently mixed with OS X windows; they all act as a group. . .
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<nowiki>**</nowiki>: Doesn't work with Expose at all
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. . . . . . . . . . . . .
+
  
 
== Parallels Desktop ==
 
== Parallels Desktop ==
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==== CD-ROM Issues ====
 
==== CD-ROM Issues ====
If you are using Parallels and it doesn't recognize your CD, try closing Parallels and ejecting the CD. Then put the CD in again and start Parallels. Check if you can use the CD.
+
If you are using Parallels and it don't recognize your CD, try closing Parallels and ejecting the CD. Then put the CD in again and start Parallels. Check if you can use the CD.
  
If that doesn't help you, you can make an ISO of your cd and then use it in Parallels. To do this go to Applications -> Utilities -> Disk Utility. Select your cdrom and then go to New Image and select Master DVD/CD, type a name for it and make the image. This way you'll have a file ending with .cdr. Rename the .cdr to .iso and mount it in your Parallels virtual machine.
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If that doesn't help you, you can make an ISO of your cd and then use it in Parallels. For this go to Applications -> Utilities -> Disk Utility. Select your cdrom and then go to New Image and select Master DVD/CD, type a name for it and make the image. This way you'll have a file ending with .cdr. Rename the .cdr to .iso and mount it in your Parallels virtual machine.
  
 
==== Install Parallels on AMD64 ====
 
==== Install Parallels on AMD64 ====
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=== Overview ===
 
=== Overview ===
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VMware VMware] kicked off virtualization on x86 hardware in the late 1990s, and was later acquired by [http://www.emc.com/news/emc_releases/showRelease.jsp?id=2025&l=en&c=US EMC]. Although VMware products are capable of using [http://www.virtualizationsoftwares.com virtualization] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X86_virtualization hardware extensions], this functionality is off by default because for normal workloads, it's actually [http://www.vmware.com/pdf/asplos235_adams.pdf slower] for the current generation of hardware extensions.
+
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VMware VMware] kicked off virtualization on x86 hardware in the late 1990s, and was later acquired by [http://www.emc.com/news/emc_releases/showRelease.jsp?id=2025&l=en&c=US EMC]. Although VMware products are capable of using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X86_virtualization virtualization hardware extensions], this functionality is off by default because for normal workloads, it's actually [http://www.vmware.com/pdf/asplos235_adams.pdf slower] for the current generation of hardware extensions.
  
 
Fusion uses the same disk format as other VMware products, so you can move virtual machines between them. Fusion uses a native Cocoa UI. You can download hundreds of [http://www.vmware.com/vmtn/appliances/ free preconfigured virtual machines] for use with VMware products (in some cases they may require minor tweaking to work).
 
Fusion uses the same disk format as other VMware products, so you can move virtual machines between them. Fusion uses a native Cocoa UI. You can download hundreds of [http://www.vmware.com/vmtn/appliances/ free preconfigured virtual machines] for use with VMware products (in some cases they may require minor tweaking to work).
 +
 +
Fusion is still in beta, the final version will be [http://www.vmware.com/products/beta/fusion/faqs.html available in Summer 2007].
  
 
=== Experimental 3D support ===
 
=== Experimental 3D support ===
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Snapshots are a way to create a "save state" of a virtual machine. If something later goes wrong (you get a virus, decide you didn't want to delete that system file, etc.), you can revert to the snapshot and be on your way. This is superior to just making a backup copy because it saves space (future disk operations only need to record the difference between the old state and the new state).
 
Snapshots are a way to create a "save state" of a virtual machine. If something later goes wrong (you get a virus, decide you didn't want to delete that system file, etc.), you can revert to the snapshot and be on your way. This is superior to just making a backup copy because it saves space (future disk operations only need to record the difference between the old state and the new state).
  
=== Tips ===
+
=== Common Problems and Solutions ===
 
Read the [http://www.vmware.com/products/beta/fusion/releasenotes_fusion.html release notes], [http://www.vmware.com/products/beta/fusion/faqs.html FAQ], and check out the [http://www.vmware.com/community/forum.jspa?forumID=371 forums] (requires registration). Many (all?) of these will be fixed in future updates. Be careful about the forums, they don't seem to like FrankenMac owners posting (reading looks OK).
 
Read the [http://www.vmware.com/products/beta/fusion/releasenotes_fusion.html release notes], [http://www.vmware.com/products/beta/fusion/faqs.html FAQ], and check out the [http://www.vmware.com/community/forum.jspa?forumID=371 forums] (requires registration). Many (all?) of these will be fixed in future updates. Be careful about the forums, they don't seem to like FrankenMac owners posting (reading looks OK).
  
==== Editing a vmx file ====
+
(Note that some of these issues may be out of date and apply only to the previous beta, I only removed stuff the release notes explicitly mentioned)
You may be asked to "edit a vmx file". This must be done while Fusion does not have a lock on the file, e.g. the guest is not running or even open as a window. Currently, Fusion arranges a virtual machine's files in bundles; the vmx file is inside the bundle. To get to it in the Finder, ctrl-click the bundle and select "Show Package Contents". You can then use a text editor such as BBEdit to make changes.
+
  
Note that TextEdit occasionally has problems with end-of-line characters when cutting and pasting; these errors can make the virtual machine not boot. Either avoid TextEdit or make sure you know how to clean out the end-of-line characters.
+
==== system.log is full of messages beginning "SMAC: FromHostIP: could not find IP " ====
 
+
/var/log/system.log and it's gzipped rotating backups are full of this message, causing them to drastically increase in size to several megabytes each. There is only 1 log and 8 compressed rotating backups at a time, so this will add a few tens of megabytes -- small compared to a VM, but still annoying. The problem seems to be related to wireless. VMware has been informed of the problem. See [http://www.vmware.com/community/thread.jspa?threadID=74685 the original thread]
==== Convert a Parallels VM to a Fusion VM ====
+
If you are bothered by the large log size, try the following workarounds:
There's a nice [http://www.vmware.com/community/thread.jspa?threadID=72654&tstart=0 guide with pictures] on the forums. Basically use VMware Converter.
+
When you're not using Fusion, stop the network kexts with
 
+
sudo '/Library/Application Support/VMware Fusion/boot.sh' --stop
==== Convert a BootCamp partition into a Fusion VM ====
+
and when you want to use Fusion again, resume the services with
Note that you can also run a VM using a BootCamp partition as a disk, so these directions are mostly useful if you would like to get rid of the partition but keep your data.
+
sudo '/Library/Application Support/VMware Fusion/boot.sh' --start
 
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You can also rotate the logs more frequently (so they don't have time to get as big), see the thread for details.
#(optional) Enable RDP in the BootCamp install. This will be useful later.
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#Use VMware Converter to migrate the BootCamp install
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#At this point, if you try to run the resulting virtual machine, keyboard and mouse don't work. This is because VMware tools are not installed. However, you can't install them... because keyboard and mouse don't work. This is where RDP comes in: you can either use RDP (or some other such remote connection mechanism) or the built-in VNC functionality of Fusion. Using this, connect to the virtual machine, in Fusion select "Virtual Machine > Install VMware Tools", and use the remote connection to complete the tools install. After this, restart the virtual machine and you should be able to use it normally.
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#(optional) Turn off RDP.
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==== Enable built-in VNC ====
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There's a hidden feature in Fusion that acts as a VNC server - no need for one in the guest, which saves space if you have multiple guests and lets you get at the guest earlier/later than a guest VNC server would (e.g. at the BIOS screen or during shutdown). To enable this, you have to edit the .vmx file when the virtual machine is off. Add the following lines:
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RemoteDisplay.vnc.port = "5900"
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RemoteDisplay.vnc.enabled = "TRUE"
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# optional password:
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RemoteDisplay.vnc.password = "password"
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The port number is the VNC port the host will use, you can change this. The password is optional, if you use it you probably want to change that too. To use the built-in VNC server, you'll be connecting to the host, not the guest (in this example, host:5900)
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==== Enable paravirtualization support ====
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Normally, guests can't tell they're in a virtualized environment. Better performance can be obtained by bending this restriction a little, such as by installing guest tools. Some modern operating systems such as Ubuntu 7.04 go even further, with the kernel itself being virtualization-aware. To enable this in Fusion, add <code>vmi.present = "TRUE"</code> to the virtual machine's vmx file. <br>
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To check if VMI is enabled you can run <code>#grep VMI /boot/config-<kernel version></code>. This feature was added to the kernel in version 2.6.22.
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==== Enable scaled fullscreen guest ====
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When in fullscreen, if the guest resolution is smaller than the host resolution (perhaps with an old game that runs at a fixed resolution), normally it's shown with black bars on the outside. To get it to be scaled as large as possible, while Fusion is not running, edit the file "~/Library/Preferences/VMware Fusion/preferences" (you may have to create it). Add the line <code>pref.autoFitFullScreen = "fitHostToGuest"</code>.
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This also works for guest resolutions larger than the host resolution, the guest will be scaled down instead of scaled up.
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=== Common Problems and Solutions ===
+
 
+
==== Unity is disabled! ====
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In beta 4, Unity only works with 32-bit Windows XP and updated VMware Tools.
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==== Unity windows get mangled when I move them to a different monitor! ====
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In beta 4, Unity only works on a single monitor.
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==== Fusion doesn't recognize my BootCamp install! ====
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Beta 4 improved the situation, but there are still reports of unrecognized setups.
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==== Experimental BootCamp and Vista ====
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Activation has not been solved yet; going back and forth between Boot Camp and Fusion will require reauthorization each time.
+
  
 
==== CD-ROM Issues ====
 
==== CD-ROM Issues ====
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==== Mouse or Keyboard doesn't work ====
 
==== Mouse or Keyboard doesn't work ====
Definitely being worked on.
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Definitely being worked on.
Symptoms include the command key (but no others) working the guest, and the Keyboard Viewer (System Preferences > International > Input) not responding. This is because some application has disabled keyboard input system-wide.
+
 
The following things are known to cause problems:
 
The following things are known to cause problems:
 
*Quicken Scheduler, CheckPoint SecureClient
 
*Quicken Scheduler, CheckPoint SecureClient
  
==== Help! Trapped in full screen! ====
+
==== Host-only networking doesn't work ====
Ctrl-Cmd-Enter toggles full-screen. Or, move the mouse up to where the menu bar should be and it'll appear. Then you can use the "Toggle Full Screen" option.
+
Known issue, noted in release notes.
 +
 
 +
==== Help! Trapped in full screen ====
 +
Command-Enter toggles full-screen. Or, move the mouse up to where the menu bar should be and it'll appear. Then you can use the "Toggle Full Screen" option.
 +
 
 +
=== Moving a Parallels VM to Fusion ===
 +
There's a nice [http://www.vmware.com/community/thread.jspa?threadID=72654&tstart=0 guide with pictures] on the forums. Basically use VMware Converter.
  
 
== Q ==
 
== Q ==
Download from the [http://www.kju-app.org/ developer site].
+
Download from [http://www.apple.com/downloads/macosx/unix_open_source/q%5Bkju%5D.html Apple] or go to the [http://www.kju-app.org/kju/ developer site].
  
 
=== Overview ===
 
=== Overview ===

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