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The history of OSx86 is a long and storied one, starting from its early roots as BSD, the Mach research project, Objective C and Display Postscript. This page attempts to create a definitive history for OSx86.
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The history of OSx86 is a long and storied one, starting from its early roots as a BSD kernel. This page attempts to create a definitive history for OSx86.
 +
__NOTOC__
  
 
== Early Days ==
 
== Early Days ==
  
OSx86 started its days as the Mach microkernel with BSD kernel processes, and retains this legacy today. This also explains the use of many Unix and BSD terms in the operating system, including daemons, the BSD subsystem, and the entire Terminal infrastructure. This key fact also makes OS X quite portable.
+
OSx86 started its days as the BSD mach kernel, and retains this name today. This also explains the use of many Unix and BSD terms in the operating system, including daemons, the BSD subsystem, and the entire Terminal infrastructure. This key fact also makes OS X quite portable.
  
However, the history of OSx86 rapidly expands from here. The Mach Microkernel and some BSD guts along with Display Postscript from Adobe (instead of X windows) and the new Objective C programming language were forged into the NeXTSTEP operating system, a venture by Steve Jobs and former Apple Macintosh and Lisa engineers in the late 1980s. NeXTSTEP started on Motorola 68k and was interestingly later available for Sun SPARC, PA-RISC, and x86 platforms, continuing BSD's and NeXT's traditions of portability.
+
However, the history of OSx86 rapidly digresses from here. The mach kernel from BSD was incorporated into the NeXTSTEP operating system, a venture by Steve Jobs, which, interestingly enough, was available for 68k, x86, SPARC, and RISC platforms, continuing BSD's tradition of portability.
  
 
== Rhapsody ==
 
== Rhapsody ==
  
It is here when OS X as we know it came into existence, at least, in a primitive form. After falling through with both IBM/Taligent's Pink and Be's BeOS, Apple settled on a new player to code its massive OS update for the 21st century, Steve Jobs. Bringing the NeXTSTEP code base with them, they quickly began work on a new version of MacOS, with the code name "Rhapsody". This contained a few interesting features: Yellow Box, a universal toolkit for OS coding based on NeXT's OPENSTEP API, Blue Box, a MacOS Classic emulation environment, and the rumored Red Box. Although Yellow Box's multiplatform support fell through, its influence is felt today in Mac OS X's Cocoa APIs.
+
It is here when OS X as we know it came into existence, at least, in a primitive form. After falling through with both IBM/Taligent's Pink and Be's BeOS, Apple settled on a new player to code its massive OS update for the 21st century, Steve Jobs. Bringing the NeXTSTEP code base with them, they quickly began work on a new version of MacOS, with the code name "Rhapsody". This contained a few interesting features: Yellow Box, a universal toolkit for OS coding, Blue Box, a MacOS Classic emulation environment, and the rumored Red Box. Although Yellow Box's multiplatform support fell through, its influence is felt today in Mac OS X's Cocoa APIs.
  
 
However, the most important element of Rhapsody was once again its portability. Released publicly to developers in the form of DR1 and DR2 (DR standing for Developer Release), it was distributed in two forms -- PowerPC and x86.
 
However, the most important element of Rhapsody was once again its portability. Released publicly to developers in the form of DR1 and DR2 (DR standing for Developer Release), it was distributed in two forms -- PowerPC and x86.
  
A rather interesting sidenote: early (and possibly even later) versions of OS X guided you through post-install configuration to the tune of George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue," even though the Rhapsody project was killed off, OS X pays homage to it everytime someone starts up OS X for the first time. .
+
A rather interesting sidenote: early (and possibly even later) versions of OS X guided you through post-install configuration to the tune of George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue," even though the Rhapsody project was killed off, OS X pays homage to it everytime someone starts up OS X for the first time.
  
 
== Marklar ==
 
== Marklar ==
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*'''1977''' - BSD offers its first release for PDP-11
 
*'''1977''' - BSD offers its first release for PDP-11
*'''1989''' - NeXTSTEP 1.0 released, based on the Mach microkernel & BSD
+
*'''1989''' - NeXTSTEP 1.0 released, based on BSD mach kernel
 
*'''1992''' - NeXTSTEP 486 (3.0) released, adds support for x86
 
*'''1992''' - NeXTSTEP 486 (3.0) released, adds support for x86
*'''1995''' - Final verison of NeXTSTEP, 3.3, is released, supports 68k, x86, SPARC, and PA-RISC platforms
+
*'''1995''' - Final verison of NeXTSTEP, 3.3, is released, supports 68k, x86, SPARC, and RISC platforms
 
*'''1997''' - Apple acquires NeXT Inc. and begins work on Rhapsody, releasing DP1 in September
 
*'''1997''' - Apple acquires NeXT Inc. and begins work on Rhapsody, releasing DP1 in September
 
*'''1998''' - Apple updates Rhapsody with DP2
 
*'''1998''' - Apple updates Rhapsody with DP2
Line 35: Line 36:
 
*'''2000-2005''' - Apple Developers maintain an Intel port of OS X, supposedly codenamed "Marklar"
 
*'''2000-2005''' - Apple Developers maintain an Intel port of OS X, supposedly codenamed "Marklar"
 
*'''2005''' - Apple announces the return of OS X on x86, with new Mac Intel boxes on the way. Apple releases multiple builds of OS X for Intel to developers owning Developer Transition Kits.
 
*'''2005''' - Apple announces the return of OS X on x86, with new Mac Intel boxes on the way. Apple releases multiple builds of OS X for Intel to developers owning Developer Transition Kits.
*'''2006''' - Apple releases the first Intel based Macs, The iMac and the MacBookPro, which both use the Intel Core Duo processor.  Shortly after, they release the Intel Mac mini, which uses either the Intel Core Solo or Core Duo processor. . .
+
*'''2006''' - Apple releases the first Intel based Macs, The iMac and the MacBookPro, which both use the Intel Core Duo processor.  Shortly after, they release the Intel Mac mini, which uses either the Intel Core Solo or Core Duo processor.
  
 
== Builds ==
 
== Builds ==
Line 48: Line 49:
 
*'''October 2005''' - Mac OS X 10.4.3
 
*'''October 2005''' - Mac OS X 10.4.3
 
*'''January 2006''' - Mac OS X 10.4.4 is shipped with new Intel Macs, officially creating Mac OS for x86-based processors after 14 years in limbo
 
*'''January 2006''' - Mac OS X 10.4.4 is shipped with new Intel Macs, officially creating Mac OS for x86-based processors after 14 years in limbo
*'''February 2006''' - Mac OS X 10.4.5 Update is released and he improve some graphic errors in earlier versions. Maxxuss released article on how to update.
+
*'''February 2006''' - Mac OS X 10.4.5 [[Update]] is released and he improve some graphic errors in earlier versions. Maxxuss released article on how to update
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